File: A doctor handles Covid-19 case at Scripps Mercy hospital in Chula Vista, California

Amid COVID-19 surge, the vast region of the U.S. state of California will enter a new lockdown on Sunday night.

The new order will close a wide range of businesses and activities, including bars, breweries, distilleries, wineries, hair salons and barbershops, and personal care services.

In addition, a number of sectors in these regions, including restaurants, retail and shopping centres, as well as hotels and lodging, will have additional modifications in addition to 100 percent masking and physical distancing.

Critical infrastructure, schools and non-urgent medical and dental care can remain open with appropriate infectious disease preventative measures under the terms of the new order.

Public health officials urged people to stay at home as much as possible and wearing a face mask when out in public.

Local residents are also required to keep gatherings small, short, outdoors and limited to members of one household.

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This new lockdown is being imposed because many parts have hit the 15 percent or lower threshold for intensive care unit (ICU) capacity, local health authorities said.

Based on the latest ICU data, the 11-county Southern California region which includes Los Angeles County, and the San Joaquin Valley region in Central California, have dropped below 15 percent ICU capacity.

The California Department of Public Health in a statement noted that the regional stay-at-home order will take effect in those two regions at 11:59 p.m. Sunday local time (0759GMT).

The measure will remain in effect for at least three weeks.

The Southern California region’s ICU capacity has dropped to 12.5 percent as of Saturday, while the available ICU capacity in the San Joaquin Valley region was reported at 8.6 percent on the same day.

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The two regions are home to around 33 million people in the most populous state in the United States, representing 84 percent of the state’s population, the Los Angeles Times reported.

The other three regions in California, including the Bay Area, Greater Sacramento Region and Northern California region, are also on the brink of new lockdown with ICU capacity hitting 21.7 percent, 21.4 percent and 24.1 percent, respectively.

In response to the recent rapidly increasing number of new cases and hospitalisations from the virus, California Governor Gavin Newsom on Thursday announced plans for the regional stay-at-home order to contain the pandemic..

The order is predicated on hospital capacity, which is designed to be triggered when fewer than 15 percent of beds are available in ICU for a region.

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The California Department of Public Health confirmed 25,068 new cases of COVID-19 and 209 new deaths as of Saturday, bringing the state’s total count to 1,311,625 cases and death toll to 19,791.

“California is experiencing the fastest increase in cases we have seen yet — faster than what we experienced at the outset of the pandemic and this summer.

“If COVID-19 continues to spread at this rate, it could quickly overwhelm our health care system and lead to catastrophic outcomes,” health officials warned in a daily release.