Strange coronavirus-related disease kills kids in New York

Symptoms of Kawasaki disease, coronavirus related affecting kids in New York
Symptoms of strange coronavirus related disease affecting kids in New York

Three children in New York have died from a rare inflammatory syndrome believed to be linked to the novel coronavirus.

Governor Andrew Cuomo disclosed this on Saturday.

The disease, which has also been reported in Chicago, Illinois, may augur a pandemic risk for children.

Cuomo had on Friday disclosed the death of a 5-year old linked to the coronavirus.

He also disclosed a syndrome that shares symptoms with toxic shock and Kawasaki disease, the first known fatality tied to the rare illness in New York.

The governor told a daily briefing on Saturday that the illness had now taken the lives of at least three young people across the state.

He did not provide details of their ages or the circumstances of their deaths.

But said one of the dead was seven years old, apart from the 5 year-old disclosed by Cuomo.

But Cuomo said he was increasingly worried that the syndrome posed a newly emerging risk for children, who had previously been thought to be largely immune to severe illness from COVID-19, the respiratory disease caused by the virus.

He said state health officials were reviewing 73 cases where children exposed to COVID-19 also exhibited symptoms of the syndrome.

The symptoms included inflammation of the blood vessels, which in turn could cause heart problems.

Cuomo said the children happened to test positive for COVID-19 or the antibodies against it.

“But those were not the symptoms they showed when they came into the hospital system.”

He called it a “truly disturbing” development.

The governor said people had been under the impression that young people were not at risk from the coronavirus.

“We are not so sure that is the fact anymore,” he said.

“It’s very possible that this has been going on for several weeks and it hasn’t been diagnosed as related to COVID.”

Cuomo said New York’s health department had partnered with the New York Genome Center and the Rockefeller University to look at whether there is a genetic basis for the syndrome, cases of which were first reported in Britain, Italy and Spain.

And he said the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention had asked New York to develop national criteria for identifying and responding to the syndrome.

The syndrome shares symptoms with toxic shock and Kawasaki disease, which is associated with fever, skin rashes, swelling of the glands, and in severe cases, inflammation of arteries of the heart.

Scientists are still trying to determine whether the syndrome is linked with the new coronavirus because not all children with it have tested positive for the virus.

New York is the epicentre of the pandemic in the United States, accounting for more than a third of the 77,313 American deaths from COVID-19, according to a Reuters tally.

Cuomo said 226 New Yorkers died from COVID-19 on Friday, up from 216 a day earlier, but less than half the levels recorded two weeks ago.

He said hospitalisations and intubations continued their downward trend, further evidence the state has gained a measure of control over the virus.

Medpage Today sheds some light:

The first known published case of classic Kawasaki disease associated with COVID-19 was reported in Hospital Pediatrics in late April. A 6-month-old seen in Stanford, California, screened positive for COVID-19 after presenting with fever, blotchy rash, and minimal respiratory symptoms. She had initially been sent home from urgent care.

This week, the New York City Health Department announced finding 15 cases between April 29 and May 3. The “full spectrum of disease is not yet known,” it noted. “Only severe cases may have been recognised at this time.”

On Wednesday, the New York State Department of Health expanded that to 64 cases statewide and issued an advisory on what is being called “Pediatric Multi-System Inflammatory Syndrome Temporally Associated with COVID-19.”

Two children are now known to have died in New York with the syndrome, a 5-year-old boy and a 7-year-old boy.

Italy, Spain, and the U.K. have noted an uptick in Kawasaki-like disease among children coincident with the COVID-19 outbreaks there.

British health authorities warned about a small rise in children with severe COVID-19 and features consistent with toxic shock syndrome and atypical Kawasaki disease. “Abdominal pain and gastrointestinal symptoms have been a common feature as has cardiac inflammation.”