From left: National Security Adviser Babagana Mungono (Rtd); Minister of State for Finance, Budget and National Planning Clement Agba; Minister of Information and Culture Lai Mohammed; Deputy Comptroller General of the Nigerian Customs Service Augustine Chidi; Customs Area Comptroller, Seme Border, Uba Garba Mohammed and other security officials, when a high level Federal Government delegation visited the Joint Border Post at Krake, Seme, Monday.

By Kazeem Ugbodaga

Nigeria’s Federal Government says it has arrested 296 illegal immigrants since the closure of its border on 2 August, 2019.

Lai Mohammed, the country’s Minister of Information and Culture is upbeat that the closure of the nation’s South South, South West, North Central and North West land borders has yielded positive results, contrary to views of teeming Nigerians.

In August, as part of measures to secure its land and maritime borders, the Nigerian Customs Service (NCS) and Nigerian Immigration Service (NIS), in collaboration with the Armed Forces of Nigeria (AFN) as well as the Nigeria Police Force (NPF) and other security and intelligence agencies began a joint border security exercise, codenamed ‘EX-SWIFT RESPONSE’ in the four borders.


Overtime, Nigeria has been confronted with numerous trans-border economic and security challenges. These challenges range from banditry, kidnapping, smuggling, illegal migrants and proliferation of light weapons among, others.

Preference for foreign goods, especially food items like rice has continuously impoverished the nation’s farmers and adversely affected domestic government policies supporting the agricultural sector to enhance food security.

“It is, however, disturbing that some neighbouring countries circumvent the ECOWAS protocol on transit. For clarity, the ECOWAS protocol on transit demands that when a transit container berths at a seaport, the receiving country is mandated to escort same without tampering with the seal to the border of the destination country. Unfortunately, experience has shown that our neighbours do not comply with this protocol. Rather, they break the seals of containers at their ports and trans-load goods destined for Nigeria,” says Mohammed, who spoke at Seme Border on Monday.

An elated minister justifies government’s move by beaten his chest to the fact that “the ongoing exercise has recorded a number of seizures and arrests that would have had grave security consequences. So far, 296 illegal immigrants have been arrested. Also, some items seized include; 38,743-50kg bags of parboiled foreign rice; 514 vehicles; 1,012 drums filled with PMS; 5,400 Jerricans of vegetable oil; 346 motorcycles; 10, 553 Jerricans of PMS and 136 bags of NPK fertilizer used for making explosives. The estimated values of the apprehended items is about ₦3,500,000.

“It is important to note that 95 percent of illicit drugs and weapons that are being used for acts of terrorism and kidnapping in Nigeria today come in through our porous borders. However, since this partial closure, the acts have been drastically reduced. Our conclusion is that, the arms and ammunition these terrorists and criminal elements were using no longer gains access into the country. In addition, the drugs which affect the health and the wellbeing of Nigerians have equally been reduced.”

He reports that the partial closure has so far curbed the smuggling of foreign rice into the country, in addition to other prohibited items, as series of interactions and engagements with Rice Miller Association of Nigeria since the commencement of the exercise, has shown that the border closure has enhanced more production and milling of Nigerian rice.

“Patronage of Nigerian rice has increased and farmers are expanding their farms as well as engaging more hands. Furthermore, the border closure has impacted positively on revenue generation of the Federal Government which in turn will be used to build more infrastructures and develop critical sectors of the nation’s economy. The border exercise has also curbed diversion of petroleum products from Nigeria to neighbouring countries,” he adds.

On the political angle, Mohammed says the government, through diplomatic channels will continue to engage its neighbours to agree to comply with the ECOWAS Protocol on Transit.

“Goods that are on the prohibition list to Nigeria, such as rice, used clothing, poultry products and vegetable oil should not be exported to the country. As a result of this closure, Niger Republic has already circulated an order banning exportation of rice in any form to Nigeria. In addition, the National Assembly has supported the executive directive on the border closure and the efforts of security agencies in executing the task,” he states.