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Zambia did not sign the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) as it was still conducting internal negotiations on some protocols in the agreement, a Zambian official said.

On Wednesday, 44 African countries signed the agreement to launch the AfCFTA during an extraordinary summit of
the African Union (AU) in Kigali, Rwanda.

Zambia’s foreign minister Joseph Malanji said Zambia only signed the African Free Trade Area Declaration and not
the agreement.

He said in a statement that Zambia had negotiated the protocol on goods and services and the dispute settlement
mechanism, while the remaining protocols, including on trade competition, investment and the intellectual
property, were yet to be negotiated.

The minister, however, said the signing of the declaration shows that Zambia stands with all other African
countries in the quest to improve intra-Africa trade.

Meanwhile, Zambia’s commerce, trade and industry minister Christopher Yaluma said in the same statement that
Zambia will not sign the protocol on the free movement of people as the country was not ready for it.

He said the government would only engage in treaties that had a positive bearing on Zambian people especially
the youth and women.

The decision to form the AfCFTA was adopted in January 2012 during the 18th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of
Heads of State and Government of the AU while negotiations were launched by the AU in 2015.

The AfCFTA was aimed at creating a single continental market for goods and services with free movement of
businesses and investments.

According to the AU, this will pave the way for the establishment of the Continental Customs Union and the
African Customs Union.

The AfCFTA could create an Africa market of over 1.2 billion people with a GDP of 2.5 trillion U.S. dollars.

The agreement, after being signed, will be submitted for ratification by state parties before it can enter
into force.

44 African countries signed the AfCFTA agreement without the two biggest economies, Nigeria and South Africa, and nine others.

Although a minimum of 22 countries were required to sign to get the project started, 44 nations okayed the pact to establish the free trade bloc within 18 months.

The other countries that did not sign are Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, Burundi, Eritrea, Benin, Sierra Leone and Guinea Bissau.

The African Union (AU) started talks in 2015 to establish a 55-nation bloc that would be the biggest in the world, in a bid to increase intra-regional trade, which is currently 15 per cent of the continent’s total commerce.